Aggression Reduction and Social Behavior
Aggressiveness is a genetically determined characteristic of humans. However , it should be reduced to avoid other people and self-injury. Punishment is a widely used method to prevent aggressive behavior. However, it was demonstrated in several studies that the conception of punishment is not an effective approach to decrease aggressiveness. Other methods, such as self-awareness and empathy development, are also used to lower the level of anger and to avoid aggressive actions. Self-awareness is important for personal feeling analysis which is the key to the anger release. It is also important to express anger and other feelings in a mild way to avoid aggression. Empathy is definitely an innate human quality that could be developed. It could be described as a capability to understand other people’s feelings and motivations. This understanding provides an opportunity to reduce aggressiveness.
Aggression could be defined as “intentional behavior aimed at doing harm or causing physical or psychological pain to another person” (Aronson, Wilson, Akert, & Sommers, 2016, p. 408). Harm could be an initial goal of aggression or an instrument to achieve another particular purpose. Aggression is considered to be genetically determined behavior which is important for humanity to survive. However , a high level of aggression could lead to negative consequences for both an individual and a social group. Thus, a person should be able to control and reduce aggression to be successful in society. While punishment is the commonly used approach to preventing aggressive behavior, self-awareness and empathy development are underestimated but more effective techniques to achieve this goal.
The Conception of Punishment for Aggression Reduction
Punishment is a widely used measure to reduce aggression. It is applied in families when parents punish their children for inappropriate behavior or violence toward others. In families, the shout benefits restriction, and corporal punishment could be used to reduce the aggressiveness of children. Punishment is additionally used in the criminal justice system as a calculate to prevent further adults’ crimes. For this, a fine, jail, or the death penalty are employed, depending on the seriousness of a crime (Aronson et al., 2016).
According to MacKinnon-Lewis, Lindsey, Frabutt, and Chambers (2014), children who experience corporal punishment and strict discipline in the family are more likely to demonstrate aggressive behavior toward their schoolmates and friends. As a result, these children start to be treated as aggressive by their teachers and other children which leads to the further increase of the aggression level. Besides, recent investigations in the area of criminal justice showed that the fear of punishment does not reduce the crime rate (Aronson et al., 2016). Thus, it could be stated that punishment is probably not an effective measure to reduce aggression among the population.
The conception of punishment seems to be reasonable: “punishing any behavior would reduce its frequency” (Aronson et al., 2016, p. 399). However, as it was shown above, this measure might not be effective. The possible explanation of its ineffectiveness could be next: the punishment will not clarify just what must be done. It merely underlines the present behavior is unacceptable without the factors explanation. Besides, inside some cases, abuse is the first goal of a new crime or extreme behavior. For illustration, an old child can hit a young one with the particular purpose to acquire the mother’s focus even in are a punishment (Aronson et al., 2016). Therefore, more successful measures to avoid aggressive behavior could possibly be examined and used.
The particular Self-Awareness and the particular Aggression Decrease
Anger can be regarded as the particular most common purpose for an extreme behavior. It is usually a strong experience which should end up being released. However, present social behavioral specifications tend not to approve the particular feeling, specifically, rage expression. Thus, based to Aronson ou al. (2016), “keeping our feelings bottled up and articulating them are the two harmful” (p. 403), and several alternative remedy ought to be found. The particular self-awareness and slight feelings expression can be the remedy.
When some situation contributes to the anger enhance, it is crucial to understand the particular inner core regarding negative feelings in addition to to explain a new problem calmly in addition to argumentatively. For illustration, a wife can be angry from her husband since he did not necessarily help her in order to clean the property nevertheless was watching TV SET the complete weekends. On the other hand, the actual reason regarding her anger in addition to the real trouble of their connection could be the absence of attention. Hence, instead of yelling regarding the lack regarding help in washing it is much better to explain genuine woman’s feelings like the loneliness and panic. This calm in addition to argumentative conversation could trigger some positive effects.
Free of charge writing could end up being named just as one method to self-awareness in addition to inner feeling knowing. Free writing is usually a well known technique which often is used in numerous psychological practices. The concept of it is that will a person need to write freely in addition to without thinking regarding the given time period of time (for example, for five minutes) or the particular given length regarding paper (for illustration, three pages). This specific approach helps in order to express an internal voice of a new personality also to know real feelings in addition to their reasons (Krueger, 2015). It likewise will help to discharge the anger in addition to to find a new possible solution in order to a problem (Aronson et al., 2016).
Accord versus Dehumanization
Dehumanization is actually a mental process every time a personality refuses in order to consider other particular person or selection of persons as humans. “Success at dehumanizing the particular victim virtually promises a continuation or even even an escalation of the cruelty” (Aronson et ‘s., 2016, p. 181). Nazi crimes towards Jewish people can be regarded as a great example of the particular process of dehumanization influence on the particular aggressiveness.
Empathy is a new natural ability regarding humans and several additional animals to comprehend emotions of others. Based on the Aronson et ‘s. (2016), the accord development could avoid aggressive behavior regarding an individual. This could be mentioned that when a particular person puts oneself in other people’s areas and understand their particular feelings and inspiration, it contributes to the particular significant decrease regarding the amount of aggression in addition to anxiety. Special emotional training could end up being focused on the particular empathy development. Nevertheless , to achieve this specific goal a dialogue remains very important. Just an argumentative dialogue allows expressing very own feelings and knowing the feelings regarding another person.
The described above situation together with the marriage pair could be regarded as one of the particular empathy importance. As an alternative of fighting, they can have a dialogue. A wife can express her emotions of loneliness in addition to anxiety and request her husband’s factors for not supporting her. These factors could be different: maybe he is too fatigued, or he performed not desire to intervene. Understanding of the specific situation might lead in order to the cooperative remedy finding.
It could end up being figured several procedures for the violence decrease could possibly be applied, and the abuse, self-awareness, and accord increase are included in this. Punishment might get widely accepted nevertheless ineffectve than additional two approaches. The particular self-awareness and internal feelings understanding are generally highly important intended for the anger relieve and aggressive diminishment. Another possible option to the condition involving high aggressiveness could be the empathy development. On the whole, psychological approaches will be more effective measures to the aggressiveness decrease.
Aronson, Elizabeth., Wilson, T. G., Akert, R. E., & Sommers S i9000. R. (2016). Social mindsets (9th ed. ). New york city, NY: Pearson Training.
Krueger, A. (2015). Whoever voice is that anyway? Implications involving free writing. Current Publishing: Text and Party in Southern Photography equipment , 27 (2), 103-110.
MacKinnon-Lewis, C., Lindsey, E. W., Frabutt, J. M., & Chambers, J. G. (2014). Mother–adolescent issue in Dark-colored and even European American people: The role involving corporal punishment, teenagers aggression, and adolescents’ hostile attributions involving mothers’ intent. Journal involving Adolescence ,