Bipolar Disorder I, II, and Cyclothymic Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a medical condition characterized by unusual shifts in one’s mood, activity levels, energy, and the ability to undertake various tasks (Mondimore 21). The condition is also known as manic-depressive illness. Individuals suffering from this health problem are always unpredictable even to themselves. Sometimes they may be very happy, cheerful, and energetic. In other instances, they become sad, reserved, and unwilling to undertake their daily activities without a clear cause. In this paper, the researcher seeks to analyze types, causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of bipolar disorder.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
According to Whitton et al., bipolar disorder can be classified into four basic categories (10). They include the following:
Bipolar I Disorder
Bipolar I disorder is characterized by extreme cases of manic episodes (when one is elated, energized, and happy) that lasts over seven days. During that time, a person may experience happiness whose source cannot be explained. In some cases, the patient may also experience depressive episodes which can sometimes be suicidal. The condition may need urgent medical attention, especially it is evident that the patient becomes suicidal.
Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar II disorder is less extreme compared to Bipolar I disorder. It is characterized by depressive episodes that may last a few hours. Sometimes patients with this condition may not realize that they have a problem. It can be addressed through counseling, especially if it is caused by psychological trauma.
Cyclothymia is a condition where a patient experiences numerous manic episodes and depressive symptoms for over 2 years (Strakowski 41). The two extremes may not be very severe and can easily be ignored. However, it may need some form of treatment.
Other Types of Bipolar
In some cases, a patient may experience bipolar symptoms that cannot be classified into any of the above three categories. The intensity and time it takes before it resolves may determine the urgency with which it should be treated.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
According to Mondimore, there is no single cause of bipolar disorder (45). Genetics is one of the known causes of this condition. People with specific genes are more likely to experience this medical problem than others. That is why the problem sometimes runs in families. A child is likely to inherit the condition if either of the parents had a similar problem. Environmental factors such as trauma during childhood may also cause this problem. In some rare cases, neurological injury or condition such as HIV infection, stroke, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, and porphyria may also cause bipolar disorder (Landau 42). Some medical experts believe that temporal lose epilepsy is also a risk factor.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder vary depending on the type. People suffering from manic episodes are always elated, with lots of energy and increased levels of activity (Mondimore 78). They talk a lot about many issues, feel agitated, overestimate their capabilities, and sometimes engage in risky activities. They may also have problems sleeping. Patients suffering from depressive episodes often feel empty, sad, and hopeless. They have little energy and experience decreased levels of activity. They tend to be ignorant, slow, in order to find difficulties concentrating on special activities. Some involving them may grab hold of suicidal thoughts.
When some sort of person believes of which he or your woman is suffering by bipolar disorder, the 1st step is to see some sort of doctor. A mental health expert will conduct some sort of mental health examination to ascertain if one particular has the disorder. Involving interest to typically the psychiatrist would always be the existence involving intense moods. Your doctor will inquire concerning past illnesses, actual injuries on typically the head, or household history with the disorder.
Remedy and Solutions
When one particular is diagnosed using bipolar support groups, it is definitely important to search for medical help to get control of their very own mood swings and even related symptoms. Relating to Landau, hypnosis is one involving the most popular strategies that are frequently used to manage typically the condition (31). Some sort of psychiatrist grows to discuss with the sufferer to know the origin of the difficulty and understand precisely how best they can certainly overcome the condition. Intellectual behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducation, interpersonal and even social rhythm remedy, and family-focused remedy are some involving the approaches of which may be employed depending on typically the nature with the difficulty. A patient can also use antidepressants, feelings stabilizers, or atypical antipsychotics. For people having difficulties slipping asleep, a health care provider may well prescribe sleep prescription drugs.
Zweipolig disorder is some sort of common sickness of which many people generally ignore. It tends to make it difficult to the affected person to be able to control feelings this sort of as happiness and even sadness. People affected by manic episodes expertise unexplained happiness and even high energy of which make them overestimate their capabilities. In the other side, people having depressive episodes often think sad and improbable. They may produce suicidal thoughts mainly because of the powerful emotional pain each goes through. In equally cases, a man or woman acts weirdly and even may easily injury self. It is definitely important to search for medical help when one particular is clinically determined to have this kind of condition.
Landau, Jennifer. Bipolar support groups . Rosen Electronic digital, 2014.
Mondimore, Francis. Bipolar Dysfunction: Tips for People and Families . The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.
Strakowski, Stephen. Bipolar support groups . Oxford University Press, 2014.
Whitton, Alexis et approach. “Reward Processing Problems in Major Major depression, Bipolar support groups and Schizophrenia. ” Current Opinion throughout Psychiatry , volume. 28, no. a single, 2015, pp. 7–