Bipolar Disorder Or Manic Depression

Bipolar Disorder or Manic Depression

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by unusual mood changes that shift from manic to depressive extremes. People with the illness experience periods of mania and depression. Depressive episodes involve feelings of lethargy while manic episodes involve hyperactivity and intense feelings of happiness. Symptoms depend on the patient’s mood that usually lasts for a prolonged period. Scientists have not established the precise cause of bipolar disorder yet. However, studies have shown that factors such as environment, neurology, and genetics play important roles in its development. Treatment options include medication and psychotherapy. Studies have shown that the most effective treatment plan encompasses both medication and psychotherapy. Management strategies include lifestyle changes and joining support groups.

Introduction

Bipolar disorder is an emotional disorder that is characterized by unusual mood changes that are either manic or depressive. In the medical field, it is also referred to as a manic depression. People with this illness experience intense feelings of happiness at times and intense feelings f depression at other times. The intense feelings of happiness are referred to as mania and are characterized by intense energy, high irritability, and extreme happiness. The causes of bipolar disorder are not clearly understood. However, scientists have suggested that environment and genetics play important roles in its development. It is estimated that approximately 3 percent of people in the United States suffer this illness in their lifetime.

Signs and Symptoms

As mentioned earlier, bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of intense emotions and usual moods (Leonard & Jovinelly, 2012). The manic and depressive moods are typically different from the highs and lows that people experience in their normal lives. These moods affect sleep patterns and activity levels. Symptoms of manic and depressive episodes vary. People with manic episodes feel extremely happy and energetic, experience trouble sleeping, talk fast, are highly agitated and irritable, multitask, engage in risky behaviors and activities, and they are hyperactive (Leonard & Jovinelly, 2012). On the other hand, people with depressive episodes feel sad and lethargic, sleep too much or too little, experience suicidal thoughts, forget easily, experience feelings of emptiness, and have trouble concentrating.

Causes

The exact cause of bipolar disorders has not yet been identified. However , scientists cite genetics, environment, physiology, and neurology as potential risk factors (Strakowski, 2014). Environmental factors such as childhood abuse, long-term stress, abandonment play a key role in its development. The risk of bipolar disorder is high in people whose family has a record of the disease.

Zweipolig Range

You can find four varieties of bipolar support groups particularly, bipolar I issue, bipolar II condition, cyclothymic disorder, in addition to other unspecified in addition to related disorders (Strakowski, 2014). The 4 types involve radical mood and action level changes. The different types are assembled based on the particular length of mania episodes that the particular patient experiences.

Diagnosis

The primary step toward the particular diagnosis of zweipolig disorder is discussing to a doctor who else conducts a comprehensive actual physical examination to ensure the particular signs and signs and symptoms present are not necessarily caused by additional diseases (Strakowski, 2014). Afterward, the affected person is referred in order to a psychiatrist or even psychologist for more evaluation that includes a new mental health analysis to find out whether the particular patient gets the disease. Certain regarding zweipolig are similar in order to the ones from other conditions. If so, doctors utilize differential diagnosis procedures. Schizophrenia, borderline individuality disorder, attention shortage hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and major depressive disorder have signs and symptoms similar to the ones from bipolar disorder (Leonard & Jovinelly, 2012). Consequently , differential medical diagnosis helps doctors principle out other circumstances. Blood tests in addition to imaging are employed found in the differential medical diagnosis.

Therapy

One of the most commonly used therapy remedies include psychiatric therapy and medicine (Marchand, 2012). Correctly shown that will an effective therapy plan encompasses the two psychotherapy and medicine. Medications are applied to control signs and symptoms. Commonly sued drugs include antidepressants, disposition stabilizers, and atypical antipsychotics (Marchand, 2012). Psychotherapy provides advice, education, and help to patients along with their families. Key kinds of psychotherapy sued to deal with bipolar condition include psychoeducation, family-focused therapy, interpersonal in addition to social rhythm treatment, and cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) (Yatham & Kusumakar, 2013). Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is definitely a treatment treatment that is applied when other available choices are unsuccessful. Besides, it truly is applied when patients’ scenarios make the supervision of medication dangerous (Yatham & Kusumakar, 2013).

Management

Bipolar disorder is usually a lifelong disease that is challenging if not appropriately managed. Lifestyle alter is an important component regarding management. Patients usually are advised to help to make changes in lifestyle to remove certain behaviors that will worsen their problem (Yatham & Kusumakar, 2013). For example, they will are advised to create healthy relationships, generate healthy routines, and prevent taking alcohol and taking advantage of recreational drugs (Strakowski, 2014). Also, these are advised to hold a mod graph and or chart in order to their disposition changes (Fristad & Arnold, 2012). Additional approaches for management contain understanding the disease, staying dedicated to private goals, joining a new support group, getting healthy outlets regarding stress, and learning to relax and handle stress.

Prevention

A specific technique to prevent zweipolig disorder is no. However, patients must seek professional aid the moment they notice indications of mental disease. Early treatment in addition to taking medications since directed prevent the particular illness from deterioration (Fristad & Arnold, 2012). Also, a great individual needs in order to be aware of warning warning signs. Patients must build healthy lifestyles that will involve workout in addition to healthy diets. Ultimately, seeking specialist anytime signs are seen is of maximum importance.

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder is usually a mental disease that affects regarding 3 percent regarding people in the particular United States throughout their lifetime. Scientists have got suggested that genes and the atmosphere are largely dependable for its growth. Major symptoms contain intense feelings regarding happiness and despair, irregular sleep styles, poor concentration, over activity, fatigue, and frustration. Treatment remedies contain psychotherapy and medicine. Successful treatment plans contain both remedies. Correct management of zweipolig disorder includes the particular embracement of healthy and balanced lifestyles, early therapy, and proper diet.

Sources

Fristad, M. A., & Arnold, G. T. (2012). Raising a changing mood child: How to be able to cope with depression and even bipolar disorder . New york city, NY: Guilford Press.

Leonard, B., & Jovinelly, J. (2012). Zweipolig Disorder . Fresh York, NY: Typically the Rosen Publishing Class.

Marchand, W. (2012). Depression and even bipolar disorder: The guide to restoration . Boulder, COMPANY: Bull Publishing Firm.

Strakowski, S. M. (2014). Zweipolig disorder . Oxford, England: Oxford College or university Press.

Yatham, L. D., & Kusumakar, Versus. (2013). Bipolar disorder: Some sort of clinician’s guide to be able to remedy management . Fresh York, NY: Routledge

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