Christianity in Western Civilization and Thought
Christianity is one of the most widespread and developed religious systems. And although it is present on every continent, it is predominantly the religion of the West. The adoption of Christianity as a formal religion by the majority of peoples of Central, Eastern, and South-Eastern Europe occurred between the 9th and 11th centuries and was triggered by multiple changes in the social and political structures of the society that took place during this short period. Later, Christianity, in its turn, had a strong impact on all spheres of life including culture and, in this way, significantly affected the development of the Western Civilization
It is possible to say that the religious values and views which were formed during Reformation have contributed most to Western thought and society as we know it now. Reformation designated that the times of inquisition and the total control over individuals’ minds and spiritual life were over 1 . Both Catholicism and Protestantism acknowledged that God should be separated from other social activities that are not linked to religion. It is possible to say that the separation of the church from the state and various spheres of business, which were the direct results of the Protestant Reformation, played an important role in the successful development of Western capitalism.
Christian Values and the Society
Christianity shaped new perceptions of nature and human beings. The foundation of those ideas was the justification for the individual’s creativity and human liberty 2 . Of course, initially, Christian perspectives on liberty were realized mainly within the spiritual-moral context but later found the practical implementation within the social, legal, and political spheres contributing to the transformation of views on human rights and freedoms. Additionally, the new perspectives on nature and human existence which appeared under the influence of Christianity triggered the development of new movements in culture, as well as humanitarian and scientific cognition. Without Christianity, European art would probably not be focused on the human soul and the sacred spiritual experiences. Moreover, the ideological basis of the contemporary natural sciences was also shaped due to Christian theology. It eliminated the semantic gap between the natural and artificial phenomena because people started to regard the world as the creation of the omnipotent and free individual God.
Contribution to Art and Culture
As a whole, with the assistance of Christianity, the society of the West became wealthier and much more civilized than during the time of the Roman empire. Such outcomes can be correlated with the enhancement of religious teachings and the organization of the church. For instance, during the medieval period, the gothic art movement appeared. The major purpose of gothic art was the contrast of the spiritual and material forms, as well as the creation of the balance between them 3 . The faith based and spiritual significance quickly traced to be able to gothic architectural things. In addition to architecture, various other forms of skill were developed like fine arts, écharpe, theater, and so forth Intended for instance, such fictional masterpieces as “The Song of Roland” and “The Account of the Rose” were created in the course of this epoch.
Overall, Christianity was incorporated into all of spheres of living during the middle ages in the Western side. Christianity influenced typically the masses. It become a huge hit to all international locations and created typically the connections between men and women in spite of their cultural, political, and community backgrounds. In this kind of way, the Religious theology which was basically developed throughout typically the feudal times grew to be the ideological and even ethical regulator involving social life, some sort of form of self-consciousness, along with the basis involving cultural unity inside of Europe with the after stages of enhancement and made a tremendous contribution to typically the Western way involving thinking and typically the overall social buy.
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