Medication Errors: Measures, Stakeholders, Causes
Measures (Indicators) to aid the Issue
In order in order to control medication mistakes and deal with this particular undesirable phenomenon inside the field associated with healthcare successfully, this is essential in order to know the signals of the issue. One of these is the period that this nursing personnel spends on medicine administration. According in order to Hayes, Jackson, Davidson, and Power (2015) who conduct their own research dedicated to determining mistakes prevalence, “in addition to documented errors, between 1 and two mistakes per patient each day remain unreported” (p. 3064). These data indicate the insufficiently effective organization associated with control over the particular prescription of suitable drugs and personnel qualifications. Consequently, in order to improve patient results, additional learning healthcare settings is needed to assistance the resolution associated with the issue within question.
Another measure that requirements to be used into account may be the readmission level. Just in case this parameter is simply too high, it will be a significant cause for the administration of a specific medical setting to check the activities of subordinates to identify the insufficiently competent performance of direct duties (Hayes et al., 2015). In addition to this parameter, attendant difficulties can also be mentioned – high mortality, postdischarge disability, and patients’ emotional distress. All these factors can be the measures of identifying the problem and may help to support its solution.
Stakeholders in Improving the Nursing Issue
In order to improve the nursing problem addressed, a number of stakeholders should be involved. At the state level, many participants can work jointly to achieve changes for the better. The list includes “ministries of health, national coordinators or programme managers for medication safety, health system leaders, experts, educational institutions, researchers, safe medication practice centres, regulatory agencies, patient representative bodies” (WHO, 2017, p. 12).
At the nearby level within the single clinic, the particular management must be included, department heads, plus senior nurses. The particular role of every participator may be substantial in coping along with the issue of medicine errors. For example, nurses should be carefully monitor medical medications and patient results. The heads associated with departments are appreciated to check employees’ knowledge of the particular appropriate dosages associated with drugs and the particular time they are usually taken. The administration of a particular medical institution ought to make sure that subordinates perform not violate the particular established standards associated with work with powerful drugs and get measures in situation of violations. Almost all these participants may contribute to dealing with the nursing problem into consideration.
The Reasons for the Medical Issue
Different leads to of medical mistakes may be decided based on the particular analysis of the issue. According to Hayes et al. (2015), “interruptions to the particular medication administration process” are typical reasons with regard to this issue. Early or insufficiently efficient control over the particular process of monitoring the issuance of medication is fraught with mistakes, which subsequently can lead to negative patient outcomes. Also, the authors mention the human factor as one of the risk aspects (Hayes et al., 2015).
In order to avoid mistakes in the process of professional practice, nurses should always be concentrated, which, in turn, is associated with the previous reason. Finally, according to Hayes et al. (2015), environmental factors can also play a significant role. If conflicts and tension relationships in a particular team take place, there is a high probability of errors caused by defocusing attention and fatigue. Based on the causes of medication errors, it can be noted that the role of the nursing staff in the prevention of this problem is crucial. Therefore , these are junior medical employees who are to take all possible efforts to avoid this issue.
Hayes, C., Jackson, D., Davidson, P. M., & Power, T. (2015). Medication errors in hospitals: A literature review of disruptions to nursing practice during medication administration. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(21-22), 3063-3076. Web.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2017). Medication without harm: WHO global patient safety challenge. Web.