Mortality and Morbidity Rates in Miami, Florida
Mortality and Morbidity Rates
Apart from the continuous development of the medical sphere and technology, mortality and mortality rates for some illnesses and diseases remain high, and in the context of this paper, a situation in Miami, Florida, will be discussed. In the first place, it is vital to focus on mortality since it is one of the critical factors that emphasize the need to develop effective prevention strategies.
For example, cancer, heart failure, accidents, and stroke put Florida at ranks of 37, 35, 38, and 43 respectfully (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Thus, it could be said that along with natural causes of death, homicide, firearm death, and drug overdose cannot be underestimated and can be referred to as the major problems in the state (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). These matters can be explained by the issues with safety in the region while implying the need to enhance homeland security.
As for morbidity, the Bureau of Epidemiology (2016) claims that the most common diseases are sexually transmitted ones such as HIV, AIDS, and chlamydia while they tend to be highly prevalent among adults from 24 to 54 years old. Apart from the gradually increased number of reported cases of sexually transmitted illnesses, tuberculosis became less dangerous, as since 1994 its incidents were registered mostly among the individuals of foreign origin (Bureau of Epidemiology, 2016).
In turn, high awareness does not decrease the prevalence of chronic hepatitis C, lime disease, and salmonellosis (Bureau of Epidemiology, 2016). Simultaneously, the area experienced peaks in Ebola in 2014, but a combination of these factors can be explained by Florida’s geographical location, climate, and high percentage and popularity of recreational water parks that create a favorable environment for the development of these diseases and illnesses. To minimize these cases, the government of the state focuses on the development of effective prevention measures to diminish the adverse consequences and underline the importance of vaccination.
Research Questions and Hypotheses
Overall, it could be said that the analysis conducted in the previous section can unveil the most important insights and determine a rationale for the necessity of research in some spheres. One of the most common quantitative research questions can be formulated as “Is there a relationship between parents’ education and level of vaccination among children and their mortality rates? ”. In this case, it could be said that the independent variable is parents’ education about immunization and vaccination. In turn, the dependent variables would be the level of vaccination among children and their mortality rates, as their values are expected to be influenced by the education of parents concerning the existence, importance, and effectiveness of vaccines.
Thus, when focusing on the hypothesis, based on the assumptions indicated above it could be formulated as “There was a higher level of vaccination and a lower degree of the mortality rate among children, whose parents were educated (experimental group) compared with others, who have been not”. This demonstrates a cause-and-effect correlation between factors while one associated with them is manipulated and can become referred to because casual. Meanwhile, this can be seen as complex due in order to several dependent factors like mortality price and degree associated with vaccination among kids. In turn, this particular hypothesis can furthermore be regarded as directional, as it will be supported by some research although it is also considerable and can be controlled throughout the research test (testable or researchable).
In the same period, when designing the qualitative question, it could be formulated as “What are the factors for the refusal to vaccinate their own children among grown ups (24-60 years old)? ”. This subject has been below vehement discussion with regard to several years, as well as the potential causes refer to family values, risks of sickness or diseases, the effectiveness of a vaccine, plus understanding of the particular functioning of the particular child’s body (Harmsen et al., 2013). Nonetheless, the carried out research only offers a general knowledge of this phenomenon within the healthcare industry, which matter underlines the necessity to discover this subject in detail inside the state associated with Florida. Simultaneously, earlier studies failed to protect the theme through the perspective associated with parents’ awareness, in fact it is one of the particular most critical lens and viewpoints to review. Based on the particular research question, the particular independent variable will be a diverse selection of reasons driving parents’ decisions while dependent ones are vaccination rates among kids.
In this instance, the research hypothesis for that qualitative query could be formulated while “Along with the particular most common causes of refusal of vaccination such as family’s lifestyle and perceptions of child’s body system, parents’ awareness associated with vaccination can be viewed as because one of the particular defining factors”. Within this instance, the particular hypothesis can become viewed as associative because it is rather descriptive and does not discover the particular cause-and-effect relationship. Inside this case, this will simply attempt to unveil numerous aspects including the particular degree of awareness plus education leading in order to particular outcomes plus parents’ behavior. Credited to the prolonged quantity of variables, this could be viewed as complex. In change, it may be considered while non-directional because of the absence of support through previous studies. However, it still offers all the required background in order to establish a basis for research (research hypothesis).
Bureau of Epidemiology. (2016). Florida morbidity statistics report .
Centers for Illness Control and Avoidance. (2014). Stats associated with the state associated with Florida .
Harmsen, I., Mollema, T., Ruiter, R., Paulussen, T., Melker, They would., & Kok, Gary the gadget guy. (2013). Why mother and father refuse childhood vaccination: A qualitative research using online concentrate groups. BMC Public Wel