Nursing Care During the Pre-Discharge Period
This research aims at studying the interactions between nurses and patients during the pre-discharge period. The main research question is “How can nurses improve the level of caregiving for patients during the pre-discharged period? ”. There are also several supplementary questions concerning the improvement of the efficiency of their performance during the chosen period, the choice of specific education tools, the necessity to implement a transitional care program, and the role in interactions between nurses and patients in readmission rates. In this paper, the researcher will define appropriate methods, sample, and setting for the future study.
A qualitative study will be used in this project to examine the interactions between nurses and patients and the effects of educational tools used by nurses to help patients improve their knowledge about pre-discharged practices. The researcher will choose a group of people (nurses) with a particular case (high readmission rates among patients), check their records, and compare their strategies and interventions.
Heart failure is one of the most common discharge diagnoses among the patients with Medicare coverage and one of the main causes of readmissions (Chang, 2013; Howie-Esquivel et al., 2015). Therefore, the population of this research will include the nurses who work with patients who have heart failure problems.
The setting for this research is a nearby medical center in Miami, Fl. The total quantity of the participants is going to be 8-10 nurses that meet all the particular criteria, including the particular interaction with individuals admitted to some hospital with health issues. Addition criteria for that healthcare professionals will be their own work experience (1-3 years at the particular same hospital), a particular health condition associated with patients (heart failure), as well as the absence associated with other chronic illnesses among patients (no diabetes, cancer, HIV/AIDS, etc. ). This is also required to exclude some other healthcare workers plus the nurses along with less than one year experience in the particular cardiovascular unit.
Regarding the sample particular for this research, a sampling technique has to become properly explained plus evaluated. Purposive sample can be utilized to gather information about nurses, their own patients, and the appropriateness for research. Although the cooperation along with nurses in actual time usually needs a systematic strategy, the peculiar function of this technique is to identify in case they use individuals who have the certain disease plus the cause associated with their readmission.
Therefore, a calculated sampling strategy will certainly allow establishing pre-selected criteria and contemplating research questions that will should be clarified. The sample dimension depends upon what possibility in order to find as numerous suitable participants as you possibly can. The particular researcher sends the particular letters of invite and consent types to all healthcare professionals in the selected unit and offer clear explanations associated with what kind associated with work should become done, what anticipation are established, and exactly what the role associated with participants will be.
A descriptive research design will be used in this study. It aims at obtaining information about the current problem and recognizing potential solutions offered by the participants. This design will help to describe the essential findings and discover new meanings of practices used by nurses in the pre-discharged period. An interview with nurses will be conducted. Five open-ended questions will be posed to the chosen group of people, focusing on the quality of care offered, a number of interventions taking, and the level of education promoted among patients. It is expected to gather a large amount of qualitative information that will be used for a detailed analysis and the interpretation of the findings.
Chang, D. (2013). In South Florida, reducing hospital readmissions key to reform. Miami Herald. Web.
Howie-Esquivel, J., Carroll, M., Brinker, E., Kao, H., Pantilat, S., Rago, K., & de Marco, T. (2015). A strategy to reduce heart failure readmissions and inpatient costs. Cardiology Research, 6(1), 201-208.