Pressure Injury Point Prevalence Research Ethics

Pressure Injury Point Frequency: Research Ethics

Broad Topic Area

Health care reform, health care quality, quality management, safety regulations

Problem Statement

Hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) are preventable events yet still occur because of various factors, including noncompliance to safety guidelines.

Purpose Statement

To determine the commonness and attributes of pressure injuries and to indicate important factors related to HAPIs and adherence to regulations to identify areas that should be improved.

Research Questions

Are National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards (NSQHSS) developed by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC), which include guidelines to prevent and control HAPIs, being thoroughly followed?


Preventative measures are not being thoroughly undertaken even after patients are determined to have pressure injuries after an inspection within eight hours of presentation.

Dependent and Independent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables

Independent variables: percentage of patients with a full body inspection conducted within 8 hours of presentation; percentage of patients with documented use of pressure injury risk assessment tool within 8 hours of presentation.

Dependent variables: percentage of patients identified as at risk of developing a pressure injuries.

Population associated with Interest for Study

Patients of European Australian hospitals


Multiday-stay public in-patients in acute/subacute wards of hospitals, that have more than forty acute or subacute beds and confess public patients.

Sampling Method

Cluster sampling

Data Collection

Survey teams, which usually were made up of four hundred surveyors as a whole, analyzed medical records with regard to each patient plus conducted full-body pores and skin inspection on individuals that offered consent.

Data Collection Approach

Surveys and document reviews

Data Analysis

Types of statistical assessments that were utilized for the variables

Pearson’s chi-squared check, univariable and multivariable logistic regression models

Results of Study

Despite the recorded use of avoidance strategies, 18% from the documented pressure accidental injuries are medical device-related.

Summary associated with Assumptions and Limitations

Surveyors had differing levels of medical and audit encounter, as well as the preventative techniques that have been applied had been seen on administration plans however, not within practice. Other possible limitations: Survey times occurred only in-may of 2014 plus were not spread throughout every season, which might potentially result in the “Time of Observation” bias.

Ethical Considerations

Research integrity, as an concept, concept, and exercise, have always busy an essential place within academic work. The particular presence of standardizing values ensures the particular existence of a special scientific morality, pursuing which contributes in order to the introduction of science plus enhancement of the role and impact within society. Requirements of research integrity, however, differ within different countries: numerous social institutions plus bureaucratic procedures manage them. With the particular growing number associated with international projects within the humanities plus social and some other sciences, flaws within the rules plus protocols of study ethics are progressively being discussed. Therefore, clearance from the research ethics organization might not be sufficient to think about a research thoroughly ethical.

The Department associated with Health Human Study Ethics Committee (DHHREC), as stated within the paper, approved this particular research to become ethically compliant (Ferguson, Crouchley, Mason, Prentice, & Ling, 2019). All audits required place within the presence of each a hospital-based specialist and an inspector (Ferguson et ing., 2019). No consultant from DHHREC, nevertheless, participated in the particular study throughout the study days (Ferguson ainsi que al., 2019). This particular leaves questions upon whether the review resulted in any kind of ethical considerations. Additional studies on regardless of whether the patients experienced disturbed throughout the study days are not carried out.

The research interacted with the particular patients, their individual data, and clinical records (Ferguson ainsi que al., 2019). Whilst the researchers suggest that full-body skin home inspections were carried upon only those individuals who gave permission, they cannot clarify regardless of whether they were educated of all ramifications of the study. The paper will not discuss regardless of whether the patients under your own accord participated in the particular survey knowing regarding the causes of this particular study as well as inferences. There is simply no evidence proving that will the intrusion associated with the external celebration into the every day operations of the particular hospitals failed to effect in any stress and anxiety for the patients.

Medical records from the patients were analyzed as part associated with the study, however the researchers do not really mention whether composed consent to uncover medical records in order to them was achieved from each patient. There is no information on where the medical records were examined, whether they were extracted out of the facilities, and whether members of the survey teams signed non-disclosure agreements before reviewing the data. There is also no information on whether the data was copied or sent over a network. This uncertainty raises privacy concerns about the individual data of the particular patients.

Ethical considerations have the significant effect on the particular choice of strategy as well as the nature associated with research. Ethics functions as a device of choice within difficult situations within the event associated with a conflict among two moral jobs. It calls for balancing among the two facts when there will be no uniquely proper response to the queries. You can easily choose among two contrasting colours, but difficulties occur when it arrives to semitones. Therefore, research ethics will be a common subject when making and applying research activities. This particular study raises a number of questions in the particular context of study ethics. The truth that the particular DHHREC approved this particular research, nevertheless , might warrant it in order to be ethically up to date if the proficiency from the entity will be assumed to become sufficient. Additional filtration on the factors mentioned in the particular previous paragraphs might help dispel a few of the elevated concerns.


Ferguson, C., Crouchley, K., Mason, T., Prentice, J., & Ling, A. (2019). Pressure injuries point prevalence: state-wide survey to determine variability in Traditional western Australian hospitals. Aussie Journal of Advanced Nursing. Web.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *