Public Health Policies For Disease Prevention

Public Health Policies for Disease Prevention

Public Health Policies and Interventions: Effects on People’s Daily Life

Public health issues have become more numerous, with emergent threats posing new challenges. Therefore, timely public health policies have a crucial role in preventing an epidemic from happening in a community. Health policies and interventions aimed at addressing public health concerns have a clearly positive effect on people’s lives, education being one of the main outcomes of the actions taken by nurses. Due to the focus on the dialogue between nursing experts and target populations, people receive an opportunity to develop awareness about basic health issues, skills for managing their key health needs, and knowledge needed to locate a threat to their well-being. Thus, the effects that public health policies have on people’s daily lives is evident and clearly beneficial to the target population.

Another crucial aspect of change that public health interventions entail concerns the increase in the frequency and quality of the nurse-patient dialogue. The management of patients’ needs has become increasingly challenging in the modern healthcare setting due to the rise in nurse shortage and the increase in the number of patients and the extent of their diversity. However, the introduction of interventions in the public health context allows producing changes aimed at revisiting current nursing problems, including the issue of nurse workplace burnouts and the promotion of communication with patients (Gotschi, Garrard, & Giles-Corti, 2016).

As a result, innovative solutions help to make the conversation more productive and ensure that there is a mutual understanding between a nurse and a patient. Specifically, it is imperative that a nurse fully recognizes culture-specific needs of the target community, whereas its members are aware of the means of communicating with healthcare professionals.

Similarly, interventions used by nurses in the context of public health allow counteracting some of the current health concerns, including those that are especially characteristic of a particular environment. Public health interventions help to increase the levels of longevity among citizens, decreasing the impact that will negative factors create on their wellness (Blue, Shove, Carmona, & Kelly, 2016). Additionally , interventions permit locating and excuse the negative results of social, financial, and financial aspects on citizens. The particular described results of general public health interventions issues the management from the needs of deprived and economically having difficulties communities (Gotschi ainsi que al., 2016).

In addition, results may include the change in people’s habits toward even more positive ones. General, once nurses plus health policymakers know about the needs associated with their target market and the aspects to which these people are exposed while patients, the final results associated with public health surgery on everyday life of citizens can be viewed positive.

Examples of Primary, Supplementary, and Tertiary Prevention

Addressing a wellness threat before this reaches the level of the major general public health concern will be one of the particular crucial tasks associated with a public wellness nurse. However, the particular process of controlling health risks is usually complex and diverse, requiring several actions. For this specific purpose, the tendency of primary, supplementary, and tertiary preventions exist in the particular modern nursing framework. When considering the particular examples of the particular three forms of avoidance mentioned above, you can take a glimpse at the phases of health problem progression within the community.

The primary prevention signifies the stage in which a danger remains comparatively hazy and has not really affected a huge number of residents. Thus, the main prevention measures are usually typically restricted to creating awareness in the neighborhood plus promoting health literacy among its users, paying work in order to those that are usually particularly susceptible to the particular threat (Revello ainsi que al., 2015). A good educational public well-being system aimed at growing health literacy concerning the problem of breathing difficulties and reducing smoking rates can be deemed as an example of the primary prevention steps.

However, in case spreading awareness does not yield the needed results, the secondary prevention measures will be required. The identified measure is used when a disease starts progressing within a community, yet has not reached drastic levels yet. The methods of mitigating the problem and curbing the rates of its development can be seen as the essential aspects of the secondary prevention stage (Mirghani, Jung, & Fakhry, 2017).

In the instance of asthma, the secondary stage involves the active dialogue between a nurse and a community, with detailed instructions about the nature of the disease and the factors that may cause an asthma attack. Listing key allergens and providing patients with access to necessary health management tools such as inhalers should be the focus of secondary prevention in case under analysis.

The tertiary avoidance process in general public health management, within turn, includes the particular strategies for decreasing the effects that will a particular wellness issue has created on the local community. Within the instance associated with asthma, the tertiary stage will include communication with healthcare professionals, active support associated with patients, as well as the advertising of support with regard to patients inside the local community (Fernandez, Gold, Hirsch, & Miller, 2015). Recommendations for additional health management, avoidance of asthma one of the rest of the particular community, as well as the administration of the requirements of people along with asthma should become the focus associated with a tertiary treatment targeted at reducing the particular effects of the particular described disorder.

References

Blue, H., Shove, E., Carmona, C., & Kelly, M. P. (2016). Theories of exercise and public wellness: Understanding (un)healthy methods. Critical Public Wellness, 26(1), 36-50. Internet.

Fernandez, Meters. A., Gold, Deb. C., Hirsch, Electronic., & Miller, H. P. (2015). Through the clinics towards the classrooms: A evaluation of teacher-child conversation training in main, secondary, and tertiary prevention settings. Cognitive and Behavioral Exercise, 22(2), 217-229. Internet.

Gotschi, To., Garrard, J., & Giles-Corti, B. (2016). Cycling as the part of everyday life: A review associated with health perspectives. Transport Reviews, 36(1), 45-71. Web.

Mirghani, H., Jung, The. C., & Fakhry, C. (2017). Main, secondary and tertiary prevention of human being papillomavirus-driven neck and head cancers. European Journal of Cancer, 78, 105-115. Web.

Revello, M. G., Tibaldi, C., Masuelli, G., Frisina, V., Sacchi, A., Furione, M., … Gerna, G. (2015). Prevention of primary cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy. EBioMedicine, 2(9), 1205-1210. Web.

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