Slavery In Hispaniola And Mexico

Slavery in Hispaniola and Mexico


Slavery had become common malpractice in many Spanish and French American colonies by the early 16th century. After Christopher Columbus arrived in America, a new opportunity for promoting the economy of European nations emerged. The idea of forced labor became a reality in many regions after the first Europeans settled in the Americas. This development resulted in captivity, thereby which makes it the critical social plus economic institution in most colony. This papers gives a comprehensive analysis of the particular history of captivity in Hispaniola plus Mexico’s slavery, development, existing ranks, the abolition, and comparable malpractices encountered in the area today.


Slavery is negligence whereby human creatures own, control, plus dictate the every day activities more. This particular kind of misbehavior has always been a substantial part of the particular global society with regard to ages. Additionally, it offers become a type of dispute started on culture, values, and economic problems. Hispaniola and South america have endured severe conditions of captivity in the prior and are nevertheless facing various difficulties today. The objective of this papers is to provide a detailed evaluation of the development of slavery within Mexico and Hispaniola and the present issues many individuals continue to encounter today.

History of Slavery within Hispaniola and Mexico

Earliest Report associated with Slavery

Hispaniola may be the title given to the particular island that this 1st Europeans settled completely towards the finish of the fifteenth century. This area is subdivided in order to form both of these full sovereign coin states: the Dominican Republic and Haiti (Olmstead & Rhode, 2016). Slavery in Hispaniola began after Captain christopher Columbus landed on the island of st. kitts. The affected local people were forced in order to undertake numerous functions without having to be paid. Captivity in Mexico do not take form immediately after the very first Europeans settled in the area.


By 1625, the economic climate of Haiti depended solely on captivity. It was seen because one of the particular best economic versions for delivering good results. However, most of the natives died because of diseases, torture, plus war (“History associated with slavery, ” and. d. ). This particular created a fresh chance for kidnapping plus forcing enslaved Africans to operate in farms. The malpractice carried on until 1804 whenever the people taking place the infamous Haitian Revolution.

In Mexico, landowners started to engage within conspiracies, protests, plus rebellions since the move challenged their economic goals. This evolution resulted in a new practice whereby the indigenous could be held as laborers and not slaves. However , such citizens were usually punished severely or coerced. Within less than twenty years, many slaves could be found working in religious institutions, households, and textile companies (Olmstead & Rhode, 2016). This means that the number of indigenous slaves continued to shrink. The passage of different laws triggered new debates regarding the legitimacy of slavery and racism.


From the very beginning, colonialists took indigenous people and forced them to complete various roles. Following the introduction of large plantations in these two regions and the abolishment of slavery in the New World, a new practice emerged whereby landowners could enslave Africans to provide labor (Cohen, Penman, Boyle, & Vedantam, 2017). This type of malpractice explains the reason why the international servant trade thrived.

Ranking System associated with Slavery

Slave Hierarchy

In the 2 regions, class techniques became powerful equipment for dictating the particular way members associated with society interacted with one another. Cohen et ing. (2017) define the “caste system” like a model that splits people in the specific community in to ranked categories. Within Hispaniola, enslaved individuals were grouped in the bottom from the hierarchy. This has been also the exact same case for South america in the past due 15th century. Nevertheless, the presented laws and regulations aimed at closing the enslavement associated with natives created the new ranking where Africans occupied the particular lowest rank.

Slave Ordering

House slaves occupied the particular highest status accompanied by skilled artisans. Industry hunts were at the end of the hierarchy. A social hierarchy was maintained in different plantations in both Hispaniola and Mexico (Lamp & Dundes, 2017). Such caste systems ensured that all slaves remained divided.

Group Treatment

Field hunts were treated harshly and worked under detrimental conditions in order to maximize production. House slaves and skilled artisans were treated in a modest or fair manner (Olmstead & Rhode, 2016). This arrangement maximized the level of control and reduced the chances of revolutions.

Abolition of Slavery in Hispaniola and Mexico

When Slavery was Abolished

The abolishment of this malpractice is not something that took place suddenly. Lamp and Dundes (2017) indicate that slavery in Hispaniola did not end until in the 19th century after the success of the upheavals documented in different areas. Nevertheless , Mexican abolishment began in the particular 16th century whenever different settlers had been prevented from enslaving native citizens. Nevertheless, the end associated with slavery would come true in the nineteenth century.

Reason for abolishment

The abolishment of captivity in Hispaniola do not occur within a short period after the arrival of European settlers. This was the case since the majority of the native encountered diverse challenges, including diseases and torture. Their reduction in numbers forced colonial powers to acquire Africans as laborers. The malpractice catalyzed the infamous Haitian Revolution. This upheaval would be informed by the pains, challenges, and heartaches many natives and Africans had to experience. In Mexico, new laws would be supported by the Spanish Crown to illegalize the enslavement of Native Americans. The second abolishment attempt in the 19th century would be informed by the effort to get rid of this malpractice (Miller, 2018). Slavery was, therefore, abolished because it was dehumanizing and against people’s natural liberties.

Subservient Groups

In Hispaniola, the Haitian Revolution became a critical event that led to the abolishment of slavery. The rebellion leaders were instrumental throughout the process, including Toussaint L’Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines. Similarly, the end of slavery became a reality due to different literary works informed by the concept of enlightenment. This thought was inspired by great authors, such as Guillaume Raynal. They believed that the right time had come for all people to become free. The laws made by the French National Assembly in 1789 announced all men equivalent (Miller, 2018). Like contributions were furthermore instrumental towards the particular abolishment of captivity in Mexico.

Slavery Today

Although slavery has been removed in Hispaniola, presently there are numerous malpractices that quantity to human being mistreatment. For instance, many young adults possess to complete numerous activities without obtaining competitive salaries. The particular common types consist of domestic service plus factory employees. These people are usually recognized from the name “restavek” (Ontiveros, 2016). A few underage individuals are usually forced to participate in sexual practices or even suffer physical misuse. Child trafficking has additionally remained a main a significant this area. Similarly, some People in mexico are forced to function for several hrs without receiving sufficient wages. Women are usually smuggled to engage in sexual activities or forced labor.


The above discussion has identified slavery as a problem that has affected many people for centuries. The issues experienced in Hispaniola and Mexico explain why the global society should collaborate to find evidence-based solutions to these malpractices. This is necessary since they amount to human abuse and make it impossible for the victims to achieve their objectives. A new way of thinking will transform the world and empower more global citizens to taste the fruits of freedom.


Cohen, R., Penman, M., Boyle, T., & Vedantam, S. (2017). An American secret: The untold story of Native American enslavement. NPR. Web.

History of slavery in America. (n. d. ). Web.

Lamp, V., & Dundes, L. (2017). Not Haitian: Exploring the roots of Dominican identity. Social Sciences, 6(4), 132-141. Web.


Miller, J. W. (2018). My antecedent, ascendant, ascendent, owned 41 slaves. What do We owe their descendants. American Publication. Web.

Olmstead, A. T., & Rhode, G. W. (2016). Cotton, slavery, plus the new background of capitalism. Web.

Ontiveros, M. L. (2016). Is modern day time slavery a personal act or perhaps a general public system of oppression? Seattle College Law Review, 39, 665-694. Web.

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