Suicide Assessment by Psychiatric Nurses
The article is qualitative research, as evidenced by the fact that there is no evidence of statistical data analysis. Indeed, the research is based on suicidal assessments, something that is hard to measure empirically. Its analysis is done in a narrative form or in words, as opposed to the use of numerical data.
Published in 2010, the article titled, ‘Suicide Assessment by Psychiatric Nurses: A Phenomenographic Study’ was published in the Journal of Issues in Mental Health Nursing. John Aflague and Ginette Ferszt are the authors of the article. Its aim entails describing “How psychiatric nurses conceptualize suicide assessment using phenomenography” (Aflague & Ferszt, 2010, p. 255). This aim stems from the fact the authors recognized a niche in previous researches that possess not included healthcare professionals in suicide evaluation studies. Therefore, these people seek to close off this gap.
Every research within any discipline associated with study, including medical, is designed in order to resolve a particular problem. When it comes to Aflague and Ferszt (2010) research, the primary issue is that previous research in medical literature lacks nurses’ inclusion in the particular studies on taking once life assessment.
This situation suggests that will nurses never have already been regarded as most likely agents who may take part in the avoidance of suicidal ideation or even carrying out suicide among individuals who seek therapy in primary treatment facilities, yet these people are always within direct contact with such patients. The authors note the intensity of this challenge since they reckon that a large proportion of people seek care from primary health amenities before proceeding to psychiatric medical facilities. Therefore, nurses are important in the successful prevention of suicide through their assessments.
The article reckons different approaches to the assessment of suicidal behavior adopted by psychiatric nurses. However, the authors note that the phenomenographic approach to such evaluation has not been studied before. Therefore, the purpose of the research is to study how this approach can be deployed to successfully appraise suicidal behavior in mental care nursing settings.
Qualitative research may be designed to take different approaches, including phenomenological, grounded theory, or ethnographical techniques. Aflague and Ferszt’s (2010) research has adopted the phenomenological design. The researchers collect data from participants while paying attention to ensuring that their preconceived ideas do not influence their interpretation of the data. Although this attribute may be shared by research that is designed to uphold the grounded theory, Aflague and Ferszt’s (2010) study involves not only interviews but also observations and audiotaped data. Nevertheless, the specific focus of the researchers is on the data acquired from the participants’ life experiences.
Research methodology describes the design, data collection, sampling, and analysis approaches. Aflague and Ferszt’s (2010) research is designed as an inductive qualitative study, which is descriptive in nature. It uses the approaches of phenomenology. The participants of the research include nurses of psychiatric mental healthcare recruited through the snowball sampling technique. It uses only a sample size of six nurses. Data collection was conducted through interviews, observations, and audio-tapings. The seven-step approach to phenomenological research developed simply by Martons was used in the information analysis.
The inclusion and exemption criterion for information acquired through statement use with the evaluation is based on the participant’s age, ability in order to speak English, plus competency to supply permission in case the particular researchers are needed to make findings of nurses because they attend in order to their patients. Certainly, the researcher can only agree in order to observe a health professional attending an individual within case such a good individual (patient) has been not only over 18 years of age yet also met another two requirements. The particular researchers also required adequate measures to safeguard the identity from the participants through ficticious names.
After finishing the research, Aflague and Ferszt (2010) what is existence of variations in suicide assessments among nurses. They suggest the need for a normative theory to prepare nurses for gaining an in-depth understanding of suicide assessment. They propose the establishment of educational programs that can help to prepare undergraduate students in psychiatric nursing to adopt the best practices in the suicidal assessment as one of the critical determinants of successful suicidal prevention.
Aflague, J., & Ferszt, G. (2010). Suicide assessment by psychiatric nurses: A phenomenographic study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31(1), 248-256.