Sun Coast Remediation Project

Sun Coast Remediation Project

  • Literature Review

    A literature review was performed based on quantitative research articles found through the Columbia Southern University Library. Peer-reviewed quantitative papers and reviews published between 2015 and 2020 were included to ensure the high quality of information gathered. A total of six studies on five problem areas were included in the review. The problem of return on investment was not explored in this literature review due to the absence of relevant quantitative research pertaining to this organizational issue. The findings from each article are presented in the following subsections.

    Particulate Matter and Employee Health

    Air pollution is an important topic in occupational and population health fields of research. The study by Ostro et al. (2015) focused on the health effects of fine and ultrafine particulate matter by examining mortality in select populations. The authors of the paper have the necessary qualifications for conducting this research since they work in governmental and educational institutions considering air pollution and environmental health hazards and have Doctorate degrees in environmental health, medicine, and related study areas. Bart Ostro, who is cited as the primary author, works in the Air Pollution Epidemiology Section of the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.

    The primary purpose of the paper was to evaluate the association between mortality and long-term exposure to fine and ultrafine particles. The study utilized a quantitative methodology with a cohort design and included a statewide cohort of over 100, 000 women followed between 2001 and 2007. The Cox proportional hazards model, along with descriptive statistics and sensitivity analyses, was used to determine the effects of pollution on mortality. The findings of the study suggest that there is no statistically significant association between ultrafine particulate matter exposure and all-cause mortality, although individual components of ultrafine PM contributed to ischemic heart disease mortality (Ostro et al., 2015). These included EC, Cu, metals, mobile sources, and high-sulfur fuel combustion (Ostro et al., 2015).

    The article relates to the problem of Sun Coast since it shows the possible association between some components of ultrafine particulate matter with health outcomes. The research can made a positive organizational impact since it highlighted the importance of measuring and reducing ultrafine PM pollution in the workplace.

    Health and Safety Training

    Since two of the problems at Sun Coast were related to occupational health plus safety training, 2 articles related in order to this concern had been reviewed as component of the study. First, the papers on participatory coaching for preventing work-related injuries was discovered (Yu et ing., 2017). The writers of the statement have doctorate levels in health, medication, and related topics and work within educational and public sector organizations of China and Sweden.

    For instance, one of the authors is employed at the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, two authors working in public health schools of Chinese universities, and two other authors work in the healthcare setting. The primary purpose of the research was “to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory training program in preventing accidental occupational injuries in factories in Shenzhen, China” (Yu et al., 2017, p. 226).

    The study used a quantitative, cluster-randomized design with a sample size of 1654 workers, which contributed to the reliability and validity of the findings. The results suggest that participatory training plays a significant role in decreasing the rate of accidental occupational injuries, including re-injury rates (Yu et al., 2017). The article relates to the problem of safety training effectiveness in Sun Coast since it shows the potential of participatory training to reduce lost-time hours.

    The second study was a systematic review and meta-analysis of quantitative research studies on occupational health and safety training. The purpose of research by Ricci, Chiesi, Bisio, Panari, and Pelosi (2016) was to “verify the efficacy of occupational health and safety (OHS) training in terms of knowledge, attitude and beliefs, behavior and health” (p. 355). The authors are qualified to conduct studies in this field since they have at least a Master’s degree in social sciences, medicine, psychology, and other relevant areas. The research considered 28 quantitative studies, which highlighted the effectiveness of training on workers’ attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.

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    Furthermore, the review identified the characteristics of training programs that had more positive effects than other courses. These characteristics include short session duration, administration by expert or researcher, ergonomic training design, voluntary nature of training, and limited group sizes (Ricci et al., 2016). This study is useful as it highlights the potential benefits of training while also suggesting possible training designs that could be used in Sun Coast. Hence, both articles have a positive organizational impact due to the applicability and relevance of the information they provide.

    Sound-Level Exposure

    As one of the problems identified in the assessment is predicting noise exposure, the article on a stochastic simulation framework for predicting noise levels was also selected. The authors of the report have at least a Master’s degree in Engineering and work in the Malaysian educational sector, which means that they have appropriate qualifications with regard to conducting this kind of study. The study adopted a quantitative, case-based design with the particular purpose of building and testing an auto dvd unit for noise degree prediction (Han, Haron, Yahya, Bakar, & Dimon, 2015).

    The results recommend a higher accuracy associated with predictions with reduced error margins, significance that the design can be utilized in Sun Coastline to predict sound-level exposure or create a similar technique. Thus, the content may have a good organizational impact simply by adding to Sun Coast’s occupational safety methods.

    Occupational Guide Exposure Measurement plus Control

    Two documents on occupational guide exposure measurement plus control were selected for review. Each studies were conducted from the same authors, Gorce and Roff (2015; 2016), who work in the Health and Safety Laboratory in the United Kingdom. The authors have excellent qualifications and professional experience in the field of chemistry and medicine, with Gorce now serving as the Health and Safety Executive in Liverpool, UK.

    The purpose of the first research was to validate the use of a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (PXRF) with regard to the immediate testing of lead publicity in the place of work. The study used a quantitative industry experiment design, that was suitable for the goals. The outcomes confirmed the technique in order to be accurate plus useful for determining lead, as nicely as traces associated with other metals, upon people following publicity (Gorce & Roff, 2016). The research is useful for Sunlight Coast as this provides home elevators the new method in order to measure lead publicity in workers, which usually will not require gathering liquid blood samples. It can contribute to the particular organization by streamlining lead exposure dimension and improving wellness and safety monitoring.

    The reason for the second study was going to test the particular relative effectiveness associated with two protocols with regard to hand-wiping to decrease lead residue upon workers subjected to guide. As the result of writers, “a hand cleaning protocol should increase the recovery associated with lead-based residues existing on employees’ fingers in a budget-friendly and reproducible manner” (Gorce & Roff, 2015, p. 699). The study adopted a quantitative, industry experimental methodology plus found a self-wiping protocol that utilized four consecutive baby wipes to limit guide residue by more than 80% (Gorce & Roff, 2015). This particular research may have a significant organizational effect as it offers a quick plus efficient solution with regard to reducing the impact of lead publicity on workers, which usually could potentially become implemented in Sunlight Coast.

    References

    Gorce, J. G., & Roff, Meters. (2015). Hand self-wiping protocol for the particular investigation of guide exposure in the particular workplace. Journal associated with Occupational and Environment Hygiene, 12(10), 699-707.

    Gorce, M. P., & Roff, M. (2016). Instant screening of guide exposure in the particular workplace using transportable X-ray fluorescence. Journal of Occupational plus Environmental Hygiene, 13(2), 102-111.

    Han, L. M., Haron, Z., Yahya, E., Bakar, S. A., & Dimon, M. N. (2015). A stochastic simulation framework for the prediction of strategic noise mapping and occupational noise exposure using the random walk approach. PloS One, 10(4), 1-28.

    Ricci, F., Chiesi, A., Bisio, C., Panari, C., & Pelosi, A. (2016). Effectiveness of occupational health and safety training. Journal of Workplace Learning, 28(6), 355-377.

    Ostro, B., Hu, J., Goldberg, D., Reynolds, P., Hertz, A., Bernstein, L., & Kleeman, M. J. (2015). Associations of mortality with long-term exposures to fine and ultrafine particles, species and sources: Results from the California Teachers Study Cohort. Environmental Health Perspectives, 123(6), 549-556.

    Yu, I. T., Yu, W., Li, Z., Qiu, H., Wan, S., Xie, S., & Wang, X. (2017). Effectiveness of participatory training in preventing accidental occupational injuries: A randomized-controlled trial in China. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 43(3), 226-233.

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