Technology for Patient Safety: Change Proposal
Patient safety is the core concept of healthcare, and the rising use of technology can be explained by healthcare establishments’ need to provide patients with a more comfortable and safe environment (Carayon et al., 2014). Such innovations as the Electronic Health Record (EHR) already make some hospitals’ information systems more reliable than before, allowing them to access information and store it securely.
However, the presence of human errors can still lead to adverse effects on human health. For this reason, the incorporation of an electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) system may contribute to the hospital’s level of innovation, reduce human error, and increase the quality of care (Porterfield, Engelbert, & Coustasse, 2014). However, while the implementation of this technology may positively impact patient safety, one should account for such factors as resistance to change and find ways to communicate the need for it to avoid problems.
The proposed change lies in the implementation associated with e-prescribing. It will be a system that will can be utilized in collaboration along with the EHR or even separately (Motulsky ainsi que al., 2015). E-prescribing allows physicians plus nurses to deliver patients’ prescriptions straight in order to pharmacies electronically (Porterfield et al., 2014). During this procedure, the advantages of paper-based methods becomes non-existent, removing the usage of handwritten information as well as the reliance upon patients’ understanding associated with the process. Furthermore, as this technologies may be used together along with an EHR program, patients’ information gets even more central, including all wellness records and medications and the conversation using the pharmacy.
Some good outcomes can become expected as the result of presenting e-prescribing to the hospital. First associated with all, the chance of human mistakes can be considerably reduced (Porterfield ainsi que al., 2014). Whilst handwritten notes might be lost, changed, or even difficult to go through, electronic messages are usually easy to translate and impossible to improve without having authorization from your system. Therefore, human interaction along with these notes will be highly limited, that makes these prescriptions more secure for patients. Furthermore, the centralized approach to storing people’s doctor prescribed history can assist the hospital’s personnel to become always educated about patients’ requirements and conditions. E-prescribing is able to reduce the price of miscommunication plus disinformation among staff and provide clinical workers with the reliable system associated with data storage. Therefore, patient safety will be increased by reducing human being errors.
One of the main problems that can influence the process of implementation is the existence of such human factors as resistance to change, the lack of competency, and human error. For instance, physicians may adversely view the introduction of new technology due to the existence of habits and reliance on old experiences (Motulsky et al., 2015). Furthermore, a restricted understanding of technologies in general may furthermore become a hurdle to implementation. This type of cognitive burden might affect worker’s work satisfaction and furthermore impact their partnership using the hospital, individuals, along with other employees (Rosenbaum, 2015). These difficulties could be overcome along with education for individuals who work along with e-prescription. By assisting employees understand the reason why this technology will be essential and exactly how functions, the medical center can introduce the particular new system and also have workers who are usually confident enough in order to use it without having making mistakes.
Measuring the effect plus Implementation
The effect of this modify can be assessed utilizing the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) (Carayon et al., 2014). This system uses a human factors approach to assessing the use of new technology to increase patient safety. The SEIPS model applies a more complicated process of evaluating outcomes and advances in the process than other approaches (Carayon et al., 2014). For example, it can be used to estimate the change in the rate of incorrect or not used prescriptions and see whether patient satisfaction and safety are higher than before. If the proportion of errors is lower with the use of this new technology than it was with older methods, then the implementation may be considered successful.
The implementation of this system would require some preparations. First, employees who are going to work with e-prescribing should be trained to use this system. Next, the hospital should acquire hardware necessary for the technology and install software that is fit for the establishment according to its size and number of users and patients. Furthermore, a period of adjustment should be established to allow users to shift from a traditional paper-based prescription process to a new system.
Finally, the assessment of the new technology’s efficiency should be included to make some additional changes and see whether it is working as planned. Communication with workers and patients is a significant part of every mentioned step because it may help employees to overcome their resistance to change and patients to understand the necessity of the new technology. Moreover, the continuous interaction may help uncover some issues with the implementation in their early stages.
The need for new technology arises because of hospitals’ need to provide patients with a safe environment and high-quality care. As patient safety often depends on human aspects, the use associated with such technology because e-prescribing can considerably benefit patients plus employees as nicely. With successful execution, e-prescribing is able to reduce human being errors, store patients’ data inside a secure place that the more reliable method of communicating with medical stores. Resistance from change plus other human aspects can be conquer with training plus communication.
Carayon, P., Wetterneck, T. B., Rivera-Rodriguez, A. J., Hundt, A. S., Hoonakker, P., Holden, L., & Gurses, The. P. (2014). Human being factors systems method of healthcare quality plus patient safety. Applied Ergonomics, 45(1), 14-25.
Motulsky, The., Sicotte, C., Gagnon, M. P., Payne-Gagnon, J., Langué-Dubé, M. A., Rochefort, Chemical. M., & Tamblyn, R. (2015). Difficulties to the execution of the nationwide electronic recommending network in main care: A qualitative study of users’ perceptions. Journal from the American Medical Informatics Association, 22(4), 838-848.
Porterfield, The., Engelbert, K., & Coustasse, A. (2014). Electronic recommending: Improving the effectiveness and accuracy associated with prescribing in the particular ambulatory care setting. Perspectives in Wellness Information Management, 11. Web.
Rosenbaum, L. (2015). Transition chaos or long lasting harm? The EHR and the interruption of medicine. New England Journal associated with Medicine, 373(17), 1585-1588.