Systems in Fukuyama’s “Policies for future years”
Should countries offer unlimited freedom to biomedical systems?
The relevant dilemma ‘Should countries offer unlimited freedom to biomedical systems?’ is very important since it guides the focus of the theme in the essay, which concerns technological advancement in the biomedical sector. Precisely, the essence of the dilemma because takes effect, through the entire chapter titled ‘Policies for the Potential future’, the author explains advantages and demerits of technological developments in neuro-scientific biomedicine (Fukuyama 203).
As such, the relevant question, which regards the provision of unlimited freedom, is quite crucial and relates very well with the topic in the chapter. The functions are explained by The writer of individual conception using genetic modifications, germline engineering, and the design of hybrids such as for example chimeras. Endless freedom implies the provision of rights so the doctors and biomedical practitioners can undertake their experiments without limitations.
Also, freedom can result in the development of engineered humans caused by the tests genetically. From the arguments advanced in the chapter, the question is relevant and practical, and thus, its application leads to a productive exposition of the theme.
Work, Leisure, and Technology
Activities undertaken to achieve a particular objective is what represents work. Apparently, the individuals used in the excerpt focus on a particular objective of achieving a specific goal, which is human engineering. While other improvements in plants and animals have yielded varying results, human engineering is a field that has not become a subject of several genetic developments. According to Fukuyama, when biomedical practitioners and other stakeholders in the government undertake a task to attain a certain goal, they are indeed doing what the experts call work (207). As such, work implies a task that leads to presumed outcome or result.
Evidently, while the results yielded in the aftermath of biomedical experiments are dissatisfying, experts in the field are still determined that the future of humanity is one characterized by hybrid individuals modified from a range of species.
Consequently, leisure represents the period when one is not in active engagement. The modern world characterized by several activities has compelled men to devise various ways of relaxing and enjoying some time free from any activity. In the excerpt, biomedical experts assess the development of future human beings and state that they are likely to be different from the present individuals. The outcome of germline engineering and the creation of chimeras is a feature that explains a different set of individuals in the foreseeable future.
In the assertion of Fukuyama, genetically engineered men and women may not need leisure or possibly leisure-oriented (218). In actual impression, enough time used to relax and rest represents leisure as it utilizes its cornerstones. It is vital to underline the fact that rest is the core cornerstones of leisure, and as such, by utilizing them, humans are engaging in leisure.
The recent developments that concern the use of scientific knowledge to create a new generation of human beings represent technology. In effect, the use of scientific knowledge to initiate gene modifications is a practical utilization of technology in the biomedical field. The results of modified plants are hybrids that have many merits and demerits technologically. While plants plus some animals have grown to be subjects of the data acquired by doctors along with other practitioners in the biomedical field, humans have already been skeptical in accepting the experimentation. Notably, the technology employs expertise so that a particular product or entity undergoes alterations to look at improved and modern requirements.
However, in around technology encourages the use of knowledge to advance the constant state of entities, human lifetime is sacred and any improvement can lead to negative and dire outcomes (Fukuyama 217). It really is paramount to describe that some entities, which didn’t conform to the noticeable alterations advanced by technology, became outmoded.
The Place of Job and Leisure in the life span of Individuals in the World
Fundamentally, individuals benefit leisure and just work at an equivalent level. The same value accorded to leisure and work is a modern development occasioned by an increased understanding of the benefits of the two aspects, which are leisure and work. While work is important and helps improve human livelihoods, leisure is equally beneficial as it relaxes the body and prolongs human life. Fukuyama explains that humans have unique traits define their have to work or relax (207). The present day perception of do the job and leisure differs from past perceptions, where men and women viewed leisure as a waste products of moment. The implication of the alterations in perception may be the creation of time when men and women can take part in mental and goal-oriented exercises and enough time when they need to rest and relax.
The area of work in community is high and income-oriented. The high and income-oriented placement of work by society is because work is a source of revenue for several individuals in modern societies. Globally, people engage in a wide range of activities, which have specific objectives to earn income and advance their living requirements. The importance of work in earning earnings places it in a high position about other human needs.
Consequently, the little focus or value attached to leisure in past periods is a clear expression of how community values work. In the explanation of Deem, individuals associate themselves with numerous professions as a way of affirming that they are working (95). The placement has led to innovation and creativity among people, who devise new techniques of working to attain a certain set of objectives. In the context of biomedical practitioners, work for them implies the advancement of a new set of human life, which is different from the commonly known ways of life practiced by contemporary people.
On the other hand, increased knowledge and worry for human overall health has elevated the area of leisure from its earlier position to an even equal with work. Modern folks understand that leisure is essential in enhancing body health.
Employers recognize that for increased productivity in organizations also, human resources have to have a period if they rest. Deem asserts that the continuing future of humanity is one which strives to increase free time and minimize the period if they undertake mentally challenging activities (109). The assertion of Deem, who claims that humans are focusing on increased free time and reducing work-related activities, is really a distinct expression of the rising price attached to leisure. Therefore, the world places leisure in high respect and at a level, which is almost equivalent, to that accorded to work.
Impact of Technologies on Function and Leisure
The influence that technology has on leisure and function is pronounced. Notably, technology concerns using information to advance the process involved in executing a given set of activities. For instance, technology has initiated the expansion of machines that decrease the individual effort, while increasing the product quality and scale of production in a variety of manufacturing companies (Deem 56). It is vital to comprehend that the role that systems plays in human daily life is multifaceted, and thus, touches on all areas of human life such as for example leisure and work. In asserting the essence of technology, Pope John Paul II stated in his ‘Laborem Exercens’ that the role of technology is one which scholars cannot underestimate.
In the context of biomedicine, technology has resulted in various developments which have amplified the quality of products and services delivered in hospitals. Besides, it again has led to the expansion of hybrid animal and plant species which have unique qualities. Remarkably, the rising need for leisure in society can be an outcome of an elevated understating that leisure is wonderful for physical fitness and health, one factor which has a direct relationship with technological advancements in the biomedical field.
Essentially, technology includes a high effect on various activities undertaken by persons in modern societies. The affect of technology is incredible and the purpose that it plays is obvious. Several organizations are choosing machines and equipment developed due to advanced technology to attempt their operations. According to Fukuyama, the role that technology plays in the biomedical sector is remarkable (205).
Besides its impressive role in the biomedical field, technology has instigated the development of several machines and products that ease operations in various companies. Principally, the equipment and machines, which came into being because of technology, have made work easier in various companies and increased the level of efficiency. Augmented quality and scale of production are some of the benefits that technology has brought about in the working aspect of human life. Companies are now manufacturing and releasing various items in the expected quality and supply because of improved technology.
In the context of leisure, technology has had a tremendous impact. The scale of rest and leisure has improved over time owing to the advancements in technology. Various accommodation facilities, spa resorts, and relaxation outlets have utilized technological expertise to develop and use the latest and high-end facilities, which amplify the standard of service (Deem 46). Imperatively, contemporary individuals are having great periods relaxing unlike those, who lived in the 19 th century. The higher scale of enjoyment and fulfilled relaxation needs associated with modern societies takes place because of technology and its role in the sector.
Food, and hiking spots are a number of the various relaxation activities which have experienced the impact of engineering. Furthermore, technology has facilitated an elevated understanding of the wide spectral range of relaxation activities that raise the ongoing health of individuals. By increasing the knowledge of both the ongoing providers and consumers, recreational centers make an effort to deliver the best services with their clients, and therefore, relaxing individuals enjoy their free time within an optimum manner.
The Role that Earning money Plays to make a Life
The function or part that earning money plays in making a living involves the scale of fulfillment and happiness produced from a task that certain undertakes. Actually, earning money is a procedure for acquiring resources, money, along with other features that lead to an excellent life. However, creating a life involves enjoying an activity or a job that certain is undertaking. At times individuals make a living but do not make a life.
When individuals do not enjoy whatever they are engaging in irrespective of the returns, then they are making a living. However, when one derives maximum pleasure and enjoys doing a given task, the person is making a life. In the words of Deem, several individuals associate good life with resources and income (67). Contrastingly, when people enjoy whatever they are doing, the returns become satisfying, and the task becomes fulfilling, and thus, they eventually make a life.
While several individuals in the world are struggling to make a living, others are enjoying life and living it to its fullness. The main difference between those, who make a living and those who make a living lies like their engagements and the satisfaction derived in the aftermath. When people participate in a task that they love and enjoy doing, the level of satisfaction is high as opposed to a task that they dislike. It is imperative to understand that making a living is accessing the means to live.
According to Deem, people make a living when they acquire resources, money, and other material things that complement life (63). However, when individuals make a living through activities that they do not like, they are indeed failing to make a life. Consequently, when individuals engage in a task that they like and do it to its optimum level, they eventually make life and receive the satisfaction that comes with fulfillment.
Deem, Rosemary. Work, Unemployment and Leisure. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.
Fukuyama, Francis. Our Post human Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution . New York: Picador, 2002. Print.